24 oct
24/10/2019 14:30

Sciences & Société

Soutenance de thèse : Adnene BELFODIL

Exceptional Model Mining for Behavioral Data Analysis

Doctorant :  Adnene BELFODIL

Laboratoire INSA : LIRIS
Ecole doctorale : ED512 : InfoMaths de Lyon

Consider data describing voting behavior in the European Parliament (EP). Such a dataset records the votes of each member (MEP) in voting sessions held in the parliament, as well as the information on the parliamentarians (e.g., gender, national party, European party alliance) and the sessions (e.g., topic, date). This dataset offers opportunities to study the agreement or disagreement of coherent subgroups, especially to highlight unexpected behavior. It is to be expected that on the majority of voting sessions, MEPs will vote along the lines of their European party alliance. However, when matters are of interest to a specific nation within Europe, alignments may change and agreements can be formed or dissolved. For instance, when a legislative procedure on fishing rights is put before the MEPs, the island nation of the UK can be expected to agree on a specific course of action regardless of their party alliance, fostering an exceptional agreement where strong polarization exists otherwise. In this thesis, we aim to discover such exceptional (dis)agreement patterns not only in voting data but also in more generic data, called behavioral data, which involves individuals performing observable actions on entities. We devise two novel methods which offer complementary angles of exceptional (dis)agreement in behavioral data: within and between groups. These two approaches called Debunk and Deviant, ideally, enables the implementation of a sufficiently comprehensive tool to highlight, summarize and analyze exceptional comportments in behavioral data. We thoroughly investigate the qualitative and quantitative performances of the devised methods. Furthermore, we motivate their usage in the context of computational journalism.