Soutenance de thèse : Nabil DJATI
Study of interface capturing methods for two-phase flows
Doctorant : Nabil DJATI
Laboratoire INSA : CETHIL
Ecole doctorale : ED162 : Mécanique, Energétique, Génie civil, Acoustique (MEGA)
This thesis is devoted to the development and comparison of interface methods for incompressible two-phase flows. It focuses on the selection of robust interface capturing methods, then on the manner of their coupling with the Navier-stokes solver. The level-set method is first investigated, in particular the influence of the advection scheme and the reinitialization step on the accuracy of the interface capturing. It is shown that the volume constraint method for reinitialization is robust and accurate in combination with the conservative fifth-order WENO schemes for the advection. It is found that interface errors increase drastically when the CFL number is very small. As a remedy, reinitializing the level-set field less often reduces the amount of numerical diffusion and non- physical interface displacement. Mass conservation is, however, not guaranteed with the level-set methods. The volume-of-fluid (VOF) method is then investigated, which naturally conserves the mass of the reference fluid. A geometrical consistent and conservative scheme is adopted, then an alternative technique more easily extended to 3D. It is found that both methods give very similar results. The moment-of-fluid (MOF) method, which reconstructs the interface using the reference fluid centroid, is found to be more accurate than the VOF methods. Different coupled level-set and VOF methods are then investigated, namely: CLSVOF, MCLS, VOSET and CLSMOF. It is observed that the level-set method tends to thicken thin filaments, whereas the VOF and coupled methods break up thin structures in small fluid particles. Finally, we coupled the level-set and volume-of- fluid methods with the incompressible Navier-Stokes solver. We compared different manners (sharp and smoothed) of treating the interface jump conditions. It is shown that the VOF methods are more robust, and provide excellent results for almost all the performed simulations. Two level- set methods are also identified that give very good results, comparable to those obtained with the VOF methods.
Salle René Char, Bâtiment Les Humanités - INSA Lyon - Villeurbanne